Varicose and Spider Veins

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What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins, large dark-colored veins visible below the surface of the skin, occur from an increase in pressure within the vein. They are the result of underlying venous disease and a sign of venous insufficiency. Venous insufficiencies range from mild forms that may be largely cosmetic and cause slight discomfort, to more severe forms that can cause venous ulcers or more serious health concerns.

What are the symptoms of varicose veins?

Symptoms of varicose veins include:

  • Bulging or stretching superficial leg veins
  • Aching or throbbing
  • Heavy, tired, itching or restless legs


If left untreated, venous insufficiency caused by varicose veins can lead to swelling, dark discoloration of the skin, and ulcers on the legs. The Venefit Closure Procedure is a safe process for treating varicose veins.

What causes varicose veins?

In normal veins, blood flows to the heart, and valves prevent the blood from flowing backward. With varicose veins, the valves do not seal fully and allow blood to leak downward. Blood pools in the vein, increasing venous pressure and weakening the vein wall. The result is leg swelling and superficial vein distortion typical of this condition.

In some cases, varicose veins are a precursor of a potentially dangerous condition known as Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). Only a qualified medical professional such as Dr. Vasquez can properly evaluate the venous disorder for each individual patient.

Many factors, such as age, gender, genetics, weight, and lifestyle can contribute to the development of venous disorders and varicose veins. Other common causes include certain hormones, such as progesterone, genetic deficiencies, pregnancy, obesity, hormone replacement therapy, female oral contraceptives, and occupations that require long periods of standing.

Can I prevent varicose veins?

Unfortunately varicose veins cannot be completely prevented; however, there are many ways to improve vein health. Physical activity such as walking, cycling, jogging and swimming are great ways to improve circulation, by pumping blood up the leg against gravity. Graduated compression hose can also help improve circulation by preventing blood from pooling in the leg veins.

What are spider veins?

Spider veins (also known as spider telangiectasias) appear as thin veins visible below the surface of the skin. As their name suggests, they usually appear in a pattern similar to a spider web. They are most common on the face and legs and can be red or blue in color. Spider veins are much smaller than varicose veins and do not appear enlarged or “knotted” as with more serious venous disorders.

Spider veins are not usually a serious health concern, but cosmetically, their appearance is a concern for many patients. Treatments to reduce noticeable spider veins on the legs or facial redness are common. However, because spider veins can be an indication of a more serious venous problem, a thorough evaluation by a medical professional is advised.

Treatment for this conditions:

To Our Valued Patients:

Like the rest of the world, we have been keenly monitoring the spread of the COVID-19 virus. This is an unprecedented time in history that leaves us with great uncertainty. As we fight this pandemic, we want to reassure you that Dr. Michael Vasquez and Venous Institute of Buffalo will remain open and ready to meet your emergent healthcare needs. We were here for you before COVID-19, we are here now, and we will be here after COVID-19 is contained.

Since the initial outbreak of COVID-19 our offices have implemented enhanced safety measures so that we can minimize the risk of infection. We will take every precaution available to keep our patients and staff safe and healthy.

Telemedicine (telephone or video visit) is a safe way to obtain a consultation/appointment for all patients. Our staff has been reaching out to reschedule non-urgent appointments. The need for an in-person office appointment and/or ultrasound will be determined by Dr. Vasquez or one of our Physician Assistants by way of Telemedicine.

If you have any symptoms of COVID-19 (fever, cough, shortness of breath), please DO NOT travel outside your home. Please call your Primary Care Physician so that he/she may tell you how to proceed.

All patients who are required to come to the office will be screened prior to their visit to ensure that they have not developed any symptoms related to COVID-19.

Most importantly, please make sure you continue to follow ALL guidelines set forth by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). By helping do your part by practicing social distancing, proper health and hygiene we can contain the spread of this pandemic.

On behalf of Dr. Vasquez, thank you for doing your part to keep yourself, your family and our community safe and healthy. We look forward to seeing you soon!